The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006 recently passed by both houses of Parliament makes it mandatory to establish one Child Welfare Committee in each district as the final authority to dispose of cases for the care, rotection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of children in need of care & protection and to provide for their basic needs and protection of human rights.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006 makes it mandatory to have one Juvenile Justice Board in each district to deal with matters relating to juveniles in conflict with law. To facilitate setting up of a JJB in each district and to ensure their effective functioning, the scheme shall provide adequate infrastructure and financial support to State Governments and UT Administrations.
The Juvenile Justice Act 2000 provides for setting up Special Juvenile Police Units in every district and city to coordinate and upgrade the police interface with children. All the police officers,
designated as juvenile/child welfare officers in the district or city, are members of the SJPU.